Running head: OCEAN POLLUTION 1
Other Forms of Ocean Pollution
It is usually a saying that people might never understand, but the truth is that no life could be there on earth without the presence of water. Water occupies the most substantial part of the surface of the earth and plays a vital role in the survival of human beings. Taking care of both natural and artificial reservoirs of water is very crucial. They include dams, lakes, rivers, oceans, and even seas. Regardless of whether the water present somewhere is salty or not it should be well taken care of. It is because some of the animals can survive only in salty water especially in oceans and the animals used for human consumption and the beauty of the landscape.
Being one of the most limiting factors in some regions of the planet, water sources are well taken care of. This article deals with oceans and their interactions with human beings in their day to day activities and how contamination is a critical thing in the present times. There are several research questions needed for people to ask for the progression of the article on ocean contamination. These questions include; Contaminants of ocean pollution, Understanding the causes of pollution, technological measures on prevention of ocean pollution, and actions to be taken on those who contaminate ocean water (Parsons, 2005).
All of the above questions are in for research in this article and more about the questions and findings discussed. Currently, ocean pollution brings down the economy, destroys the beauty as the sites that an ocean puts the visitors in are always spectacular, and destruction of animal life yet ocean animals are very vital to human beings. Ocean contamination is what builds up to be ocean pollution (Parsons, 2005).
The topic of research is ocean contamination hence pollution, but before then the contaminants and about them is discussed first for a clear understanding. The only people who help in research are the people surrounded by ocean life. It is because they are the ones who understand better what contaminants are in the ocean, how they get there and how such acts hinder their day to day activities. The other group of people with relevant information on ocean contamination are the officers in charge of marine life as the ocean is their daily office (Jakubiak, 2011).
There are the ethical measures recommended during the research. One of the things to understand is that the access and use of marine genetic resources for research is allowed but then in an organized manner. Here, there are sharp recommendations, on priorities for actions, research, and development on a large range of sensitive issues concerning the area of study. Ethics are essential in the maintenance of biological diversity for the sharing of the benefits arising due to the utilization of marine genetic resources for research (An Overview of Ocean Pollution 2016).
The primary audience in this context are the people surrounding the Mediterranean region and those working in the office of marine research in this region. Actually, for the workers, they help in measures that prevent tampering the marine life and performance of the study smoothly and ethically.
In the subsection below, the main idea is the different forms of ocean contamination such as pesticides, herbicides, chemical fertilizers, detergents, oil, sewage, plastics, and other solids. Also, in the discussion are how ocean thermal energy conservation cause contamination and how the contaminants limit the efficacy of ocean thermal energy conservation facilities. All of the contaminants are trash and have an effect that is large to oceans. Pesticides and herbicides sprayed on crops during planting seasons. After being sprayed, when rain falls, it washes away the pesticides which get into the water bodies as surface runoff. Through rivers, it is how the pesticides get into the oceans and instantly kill animal life. Chemical fertilizers used during planting put in soil and after being carried in surface too end up in oceans and are a great threat to ocean life too (Hofer, 2008).
After spillage of oil into oceans, it covers the water as it is lighter than water preventing percolation of air into the water hence causing the death of a lot of animals. Washing away of plastic from rivers head into the ocean, they might appear at offshore, but due to wind and storms, they are moved into the deep waters. Their breakdown is what leads to their consumption by animals. A big challenge on sewage is that if it significantly affects the life of human beings then why not the presence of animals that live on the ocean (Hofer, 2008).
One of the areas of technology to be dealt with is how the plastics reach to the point of decomposition and consumption by the animal life. Not only is the explanation of decomposition of plastics, but also other solids which people think do no decompose. The other technological factor is how the plastics release various toxins into the water and the artificial decomposition. The other factor is how the marine life gets trapped inside garbage and whether anything technological might help in the reduction of this (Roonwwal, 2017).
The ethical angle of the team relates to my topic in that mine is on the forms of pollution which include plastic bags and brief research on the certain contaminants of oceans. The team talks about ocean pollution and contamination and the technological factors in context to that help in the determination of how pollutants affect ocean environment. The team talks of use of the Mediterranean researchers while I talk of the Japanese researchers. It is still a nice way of research as the information is compared and the important points from the researchers noted down. There is a need for the spread of awareness to stop garbage deposition of the ocean. It is because the continuation of piling of garbage destroys animal life and even the beauty of the ocean in general. The social setting is the one to ask a question here as the way of living of human beings is what affects the ocean life. If people do not deposit the garbage in rivers, then there would be no garbage in oceans. If human beings improve on their dumping behaviours, then ocean pollution is not a discussion topic anymore. In the political terms, measures and huge fines for punishing those found depositing garbage in rivers undertaken by the government (An Overview of Ocean Pollution 2016).
The connection to the thesis is to learn about pollution and what it has done to water, one of the important factors for the survival of human beings on earth.
First is that after dealing with ocean contaminants and ocean pollution, discussion of research about what exactly they are is evident. After the great debate, the ethics required during the research are presented and the ethical requirements for the research to take place smoothly. Through such a flow, the reader of the article made by the team gets a vivid description of what the team talks about.
Discharging of cold and warm sea water needs to be carried out several metres away from the sea shore to avoid any dwelling impact on marine ecosystems. If in any case a mistake is done, then the sea gets contaminated. One of the effects is that the energy required to pump the seawater from depths may be huge and would otherwise need a diesel generator. The problem here is that the energy can even kill the fish. Construction of OTEC plants and pipes in the ocean cause damage to onshore marine ecosystems and reefs. It is for this reason that this technology is tested in small scale as if it were in large scale it is feasible for the project to work. The deep-sea water is not always close enough to the shore to make the operation of the plant feasible. With the evaporator, turbine, and condenser, improvements need to be made as they leak gases such as ammonia if not properly sealed. In the Claude cycle, gases might dissolve in water when the water warms up hence contamination of the water (An Overview of Ocean Pollution, 2016).
In conclusion, water bodies’ contamination prevention is one of the greatest things human beings must learn and implement. By the end of this project, the team should be able to identify most of the pollutants and note them down. The team should also search for technological measures to understand how garbage breaks down, so that water animals consume them. For the audience, they should be encouraged to take measures to prevent garbage deposition and also create awareness to people. Based on the audience, they are the ones that are greatly affected by deposition of garbage into the rivers.
An Overview of Ocean Pollution. (2016). International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), 5(3), 337-341. doi:10.21275/v5i3.nov161598
Hofer, T. N. (2008). Marine Pollution: New Research. Nova Publishers.
Jakubiak, D. J. (2011). What Can We Do About Oil Spills and Ocean Pollution? New York, NY: The Rosen Publishing Group.
Parsons, M. H. (2005). Ocean Pollution. New Rochelle, NY: Benchmark Education Company.
Roonwal, G. S. (2017). Ocean Environment and Pollution. Indian Ocean Resources and Technology, 167-182. doi:10.1201/9781315105697-11