Write a 300-word analysis in which you examine the issue of currency exchange and the risks associated with changes in the exchange rate.
Fluctuations in currency exchange rates can have significant effects on business costs, asset values, and profitability. Therefore, it is important for managers to be familiar with exchange rates and currency considerations and to understand the risks involved in currency exchange.
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Given the very wide range of complex topics associated with globalization, the issue of monetary systems might seem small. However, as is readily apparent, it can have a dramatic impact on a company’s operational and financial success, and thus is actually a vital topic.
Consider a U.S. business manager involved with a supplier in Argentina. At present, the inflation rate in the United States is relatively low, while the inflation rate (at least the unofficial and more widely accepted rate) is fairly high. If the U.S. business manager negotiates a contract to purchase products from Argentina in pesos (at prevailing prices in Argentina), the U.S. business will likely be impacted by inflation, since the price paid for the products would increase faster than in the United States. By contrast, if the U.S. business manager negotiates contracts to be paid in U.S. dollars (at prevailing prices in the United States), the U.S. business might be more insulated from Argentina’s inflation. However, the supplier in Argentina might perceive that as unfair, since they could potentially sell their product within Argentina at prices increasing more rapidly.
As a more extreme example, also using Argentina to illustrate the point, Argentina for many years had their peso tied 1:1 to the U.S. dollar. That turned out to be unsustainable (contributing to a financial crisis in Argentina in 2001), and Argentina had to abruptly remove that tie and let the peso float on the international market. That abrupt change caused massive issues for businesses located within Argentina, as well as for foreign companies doing business in Argentina. As an example, depending on how various contracts were set up, some businesses faced an overnight quadrupling of prices.
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Use the following guidelines when writing your analysis: