# An information source has an alphabet {o, a, r, t, h, g, n, l} with corresponding probabilities {0.3

An information source has an alphabet {o, a, r, t, h, g, n, l} with corresponding probabilities {0.3, 0.1, 0.1, 0.1, 0.1, 0.1, 0.1, 0.1}.

d) Design a QPSK modulation system for this. Evaluate the SER, sketch the constellation diagram, gray code the symbols. You can assume a constellation radius of A.

e) What would the waveform look like if the word 'orthogonal' is transmitted?

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An information source has an alphabet (o, a, r, t, h g, n, l with corresponding probabilities 10.3, 0.1, 0.1, a) Find the entropy of this information source b) Find the entropy of this source if the probabilities were uniformly distributed c) Apply Huffman coding to determine how this alphabet will be coded in binary d) Design a QPSK modulation system for this. Evaluate the SER, sketch the constellation diagram, e) f) gray code the symbols. You can assume a constellation radius of A. what would the waveform look like if the word ‘orthogonal, is transmitted? Design an optimal receiver for this