1. When there is a heat flow out of a system during a reversible isothermal process, the entropy of the system decreases. Why does this not violate the second law?
2. Show that for all processes where X is an arbitrary intensive or extensive property or the system
3. Use Fig.5-10 to show that whenever a system is taken around a closed cycle, the sum of the heat flow Q1 divided by the reservoir temp
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This is the Claudius inequality. [Hint: Arrange for Kelvin-Planck statement of the second law.]