1 Explain the causal theory of explanation and the dilemma that unobservable entities pose for this theory Use examples
2 Explain one way of employing the distinction between truth and explanation
3 In your own words, explain what Hempel means by â€œdeductive-nomologicalâ€ explanation Explain how Wesley Salmonâ€™s example challenges the adequacy of the deductive-nomological model
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4 What does Hempel refer to as the â€œinductive-statisticalâ€ type of explanation? What is the asymmetry problem?
5 Based on your understanding of the concepts in this course so far, explain the relationship between Hempelâ€™s theory of explanation and arguments
6 Explain why Wesley Salmon rejected epistemic theory of causation in favor of a causal theory
7 What is â€œnaturalismâ€ in philosophy of science?
8 How does naturalism undermine the idea that knowledge is prior to understanding? (Refer to the definition of â€œa prioriâ€ above)
9 What is an â€œinference to the best explanation,â€ and why does Van Fraassen think it not an â€œobjective measure of the likelihood that [an explanation] is trueâ€?
10 Take a moment to think of a scientific claim youâ€™ve been told Come up with a plausible explanation for why thatâ€™s true (Note: do not give an argument that it is true, but an explanation for why it is true) Use an internet search to help if you need to, but keep your explanation simple (so that we both understand it; no mathematical modelling, please)